In the western region of the North Atlantic Ocean, a strange triangular mass pervades the open sea and is a great source of myth and mystery. A span of water bearing many names, from the Devil’s Triangle, to Hurricane Alley, and finally, Bermuda Triangle. As early as 1492 there have been strange encounters poking fun at fact and theory. Many have been lost, most never found, and some dismiss the whole thing as a hoax. While science seeks to explain the unexplainable, the only thing missing are the stories from the victims themselves; the lost souls of the Bermuda whose disappearance is the only story we have left. Here are 10 crazy facts about the Bermuda Triangle.
10. It Might Not Even Exist
According to researchers, there is no official information on the Bermuda Triangle. This mystifying trigon if islands is known to stretch from Florida to Bermuda and Puerto Rico then back again. The zone itself is not a registered territory and is not shown on maps. Due to the size of the Bermuda Triangle alone, experts claim that the amount of mishap that takes place can only be normal, after all, the disappearance of about four planes and 20 ships per year seems to make sense — right? Further, researchers credit the immense depth in places surrounding the Bermuda Triangle to explain the sinking of ships to unreasonable depths unto which discovery is not possible. Finally, irregularities in currents and caves present around the treacherous triangle make ships an easy victim of sinkholes and whirlpools. Said sinkholes produce methane, which bubbles at the surface and is another cause for compass confusion and mismanaged navigation. These theories seem reasonable enough.
9. The Methane Theory
This theory explains sunken ships never discovered, as well as strange navigational readings. Scientists have found giant bubbles of methane gas on the ocean’s surface, a result of decomposing marine life on the sea floor below. As the gas rises to the surface, the bubbles erupt without warning, and underneath even larger holes are left behind. The giant holes, or gaps in the sand, are covered by muddy residue that creates a vacuum and sinkholes. Since the water becomes much denser in this process, any mishap on the surface can easily result in a sinking ship that is sucked into one of these holes, covered by sand, and never traced again. In addition, the methane gas releases a magnetic energy that causes compass readings to go off the grid. The solidified methane gas that erupts and create pockets, are enough to drag down high tech submarines and heavy cargo ships.
8. Shakespeare’s Tempest was inspired by it
In 1610 the famed William Shakespeare wrote a play about a shipwreck and a crew of men stranded on an island after a grave and dangerous storm: the eponymous Tempest.In 1609, the famed Sea Venture crashed into a string islands of Bermuda named by a previous sailor, Isle of Devils. The ship, along with a small fleet, endured a terrible storm that left one vessel crushed to pieces on a deadly reef surrounding Bermuda, and two others lost in a fatal hurricane. All ships were sailing from England to the Jamestown colony of Virginia, bringing supplies and the then newly appointed governor of Virginia, Sir Thomas Gates. After several months and the crewman rescued, one man headed to Virginia where he shared the tale with a few names including Sir Francis Drake, writer Ben Johnson, Sir Philip Sydney, Sir Francis Bacon and the Earl Southampton. The latter was a close friend and confident of William Shakespeare.
7. Natural Disasters of the Sea
Rogue tidal waves and cyclones add to the mystery and hype surrounding the Bermuda Triangle. Hurricane season hits this plot of ocean harder than any other region in the world, and thus gives the zone one of its other nicknames—Hurricane Alley. These cyclones form on the water seemingly out of nowhere, and tear through the triangle only to gain momentum and speed before causing great destruction on land. Rogue waves, or massive tidal waves, also appear suddenly as surface waves and are well known for their unpredictable nature. Tsunamis and water vortexes are certainly cause for shipwreck, but how they form at random and with frequency is still unknown. Researchers blame the gulf stream, a massive warm running river that spans 50 miles wide and runs straight through the Atlantic Ocean. Others claim microbursts, intense downdrafts produced from thunderstorms, as the culprit for plane disappearance, the flipping of ships and the aforementioned uproar of waves.
6. Navigational Chaos
When flying an aircraft or guiding a ship at sea, one thing is essential—accurate navigation. Especially in a region known for its finicky weather patterns and abrupt wind and wave behavior. It just so has it that the Bermuda Triangle is one of the only two places on the globe where a compass point to true north rather than magnetic north. When this occurs, ships and planes suddenly find themselves lost and far off course. Once entered this mysterious zone plays havoc with all instruments—yet there are a few assumptions. Magnetic vortices, hot and cold currents, such as with the gulf mixing with the Atlantic, may result in electromagnetic inconsistencies that jest navigational tools and vehicles.
5. The Mere Size of it All
At the mention of the Bermuda Triangle, speculators might think of a strange little trigon in the remote part of the sea, a tiny zone denoting mystery spot tendencies. Rather, this geographical mass of mayhem spans between 440,000 and 1,510,000 square miles of the Atlantic Ocean. Due to the mere size alone, researchers accept the fact that a number of mishaps can occur here, making it all the more likely that debris and wreckage become lost and never recovered. This makes it difficult to track steady evidence of a crash in 500,00 miles of tremulous waters. The underwater topography alone may be cause for the long list of disappearances. The sea floor shifts from a sloping continental shelf to an immense dep drop-off—as some of the world’s deepest trenches are found in the Bermuda Triangle.
Obviously, debris that sinks into these underground channels would never be found. Further, there are no geometrical borders that can be firmly attributed to the triangle; namely, it constantly moves around. Due to the strange weather patterns, magnetic inferences and other unexplained phenomena, strange encounters occur in and also around the limitations of the markers set by scientists; so, based on weather or season, the Bermuda Triangle may extend beyond its initial boundaries. While the perimeters of Florida, Puerto Rico, and Bermuda are fixed locations on a map, the Triangle has never been as stable. To understand this better, one may associate a triangular shape that hovers over those three points, shifting with the rough sea winds or alternate times of year.
4. The Lost City of Atlantis
While there is not much proof to this theory, some claim that a small formation of rock within the triangle are remnants to the lost city of Atlantis. Located off the Bahamas there lies a small string of landmass known as the Bimini islands; here, a jagged line of rock sits barely below the water’s surface. The markings on these stone-fronts resemble human handiwork and the use of hand-crafted tools, and many believe these pieces to be fragments of an ancient road or wall. As speculation has it, the ancient city relied on special energy crystals whose power was so magnetic that even today, buried deep below the ocean floor, the energies alone are enough to disrupt travel and confuse navigation. These rocks and markings were discovered in 1968 which was the same year psychic Edgar Cayce predicted that evidence of Atlantis would be found.
3. And Then There’s the Fog
Speculators claim that fog may warp time, and the young pilot Bruce Gernon was the one to fuel this theory. In 1971 Gernon was flying over the Bimini islands when suddenly a grave storm swept the area known as the Bermuda Triangle. Desperate for a way out, the pilot found a peculiar, cone shaped tunnel that had formed out of the fog in front of him. As soon as Gernon entered the tunnel, unexplainable things began to happen: suddenly, lines on the walls appeared and began to spin counter clockwise. As his compass began to convulse out of control. Gernon contacted air patrol, until which they reported that the small plane was nowhere to be seen on radar.
The pilot claims to have a felt a light floating sensation, as if gravity did not exist. After exiting the tunnel, the plane reappeared to air authorities, yet Gernon reports having lost 28 minutes on his watch. The journey through the tunnel and over the coast of Florida lasted only was what Gernon claims to be a time warp which propelled him almost 30 minutes forward in time and 100 miles forward in to him what felt like a matter of seconds.
2. Perhaps the Aliens are to Blame
Theorists insist that the area consuming the Bermuda Triangle is home to one of the highest occurrences of abduction and UFO sightings in the world. Some say, it’s a portal to other planets. With more than 1000 ships and planes having vanished in the Bermuda, only few have been recovered; the few that have bear little no traces of the life that had begun the journey. Due to crewman and pilots who seemingly vanish into thin air, researchers turn to paranormal activity to explain the mystery. This theory became so popular with alien enthusiasts, even the famed Steven Spielberg used the Bermuda Triangle as inspiration for his hit film, Close Encounters of the Third Kind.
1. Yet the Biggest Phenomena are in its Disappearances
Since the 1600’s numerous crafts and vehicles have either vanished or met with fatal accidents in the Bermuda Triangle. Even after painstaking search operations were performed, not an inch of debris could be found in most cases. These incidents continue into present time and while there are tentative explanations and theories to supports these disappearances, most to all remain unexplained.
- In 1812 Theodosia Burr Alston, daughter of former United States Vice President Aaron Burr, was a passenger on board the Patriot heading from Charleston, South Carolina to New York City on December 30, 1812. She was never seen or heard from again and her disappearance has been cited more than once in relation to the Triangle.
- In 1814 the USS Epervier and crewman disappeared while carrying the peace treaty to end the war between America and the North African Barbary States. They were never found.
- In 1855 a schooner by the name of James B. Chester was discovered floating in the middle of the Bermuda Triangle, with no crew and no sign of struggle but all life gear safely intact.
- 1881 featured the famous Ellen Austin who along its voyage came across another ship sailing without a single soul on board. The Ellen Austin moved some of its own crew onto the other ship, attempting to guide the lost ship with it to New York. On the way the other ship disappeared and later re-appeared, yet this time without a single passenger on board. Soon after it vanished altogether without a trace.
- 1918 saw the single loss of life in the history of the US Navy. The USS Cyclops had a crew of 309 men who went missing sometime after March 4th, 1918 after departing the island of Barbados.
- In 1945 there was a handful of training aircrafts for TBM Avenger bombers of the US Navy that went missing while flying over the Atlantic Ocean. The team set out on a mission to train but never came back. Two rescue Martin Mariner aircrafts with a crew of 13 were sent to search for the lost team—only one of the Martin Mariners returned, the other was never traced again.
- In 2003 a newlywed couple by the name of Frank and Romina Leone took their 16-foot boat out for a fishing trip. They left from Boynton beach Florida on June 18th, 2003 and were never heard from again.
- In 2015 a cargo ship named the SS El Faro became the worst victim of the Bermuda Triangle in over 30 years. The 790-ft container ship had 33 crewmen on board as well as a large number of containers, trailers and other vehicles. A tropical storm turned deadly hurricane consumed the ship as all forms of communication fell silent. After creating great havoc, the hurricane retreated in the same direction from which it came. After weeks of searching, the SS El Faro was found sitting perfectly upright, in one piece, at a depth of 15,000 ft on the Atlantic Ocean floor. There was zero trace of any crew members.
- In 2017 on a clear day with no weather warnings, a small private aircraft carrying four passengers flew from Puerto Rico to the southern tip of Florida. Air traffic control lost contact with the plane at about 2:10pm and the craft simply vanished. The plane nor the passengers were ever recovered.
These are only a few of the many accounts regarding pilots, sailors, crewman, authorities and lovers lost at sea.